This is done under the microscope using a specialised counting chamber. Normal range millions per ml or more. Sperm are graded on their ability to swim.
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Nevertheless, in these circumstances it is only natural and sensible for those affected to want to find out the cause or causes of their infertility. Sperm analysis is one of the steps that can be taken. Therefore for any couple undergoing difficulties, the cause of the issue is equally likely to lie with either partner.
A semen analysis plural: semen analysesalso called " seminogram "  evaluates certain characteristics of a male's semen and the sperm contained therein. It is done to help evaluate male fertilitywhether for those seeking pregnancy or verifying the success of vasectomy. Depending on the measurement method, just a few characteristics may be evaluated such as with a home kit or many characteristics may be evaluated generally by a diagnostic laboratory.
A normal sperm count is approximately 48 million sperm per milliliter of semen, with a normal sperm count range being 40 to million sperm per milliliter of semen. A low sperm count which would indicate subfertility or infertility would be less than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen. A low sperm count called oligospermia generally means that a man may need extra time or some medical assistance to conceive.
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Back to Health A to Z. A low sperm count, also called oligozoospermia, is where a man has fewer than 15 million sperm per millilitre of semen. Having a low sperm count can make it more difficult to conceive naturally, although successful pregnancies can still occur. Problems with sperm, including a low sperm count and problems with sperm quality, are quite common.
A semen analysis measures three major factors of sperm health:. According to the American Association for Clinical Chemistry AACCthe tests should be conducted at least seven days apart and over the course of two to three months. Sperm counts can vary on a daily basis. Taking an average of the sperm samples can give the most conclusive result.