On December 14,Philip Chism, of Danvers, Massachusetts, was convicted of raping and murdering his high-school math teacher, Colleen Ritzer. Chism, now 16, was 14 when he committed the crime, but was tried as an adult due to a Massachusetts state law requiring juveniles 14 and older accused of murder to be tried as adults. Massachusetts has policies in place that prevent juveniles from being sentenced to adult prisons, policies meant to protect youth from the increased risk of sexual abuse, injury, and death they face when imprisoned alongside adults.
In the mids, the term superpredator was coined to refer to juveniles that were so dangerous and incapable of reform that they had to be thrown in jail and locked away from the rest of society. The nation was hurled into a state of fear as images of young superpredators flooding the streets filled mainstream media. In response to this perceived threat, lawmakers pushed tough on crime initiatives that included sending these young "superpredators" to jail.
Despite the widespread epidemic of mass incarceration in the US, relatively little literature exists examining the longitudinal relationship between youth incarceration and adult health outcomes. We sought to quantify the association of youth incarceration with subsequent adult health outcomes. Models controlled for Wave I grades 7—12 baseline health, sociodemographics, and covariates associated with incarceration and health.
The majority of states have already started passing reforms to make it more difficult to prosecute juveniles as adults, but there is a long way to go. Following the tough on crime era, the practice of trying youth as adults has become much more common in recent years. Between andthe number of juveniles in adult jails went up by nearly percent.
We are recruiting a Equal Justice Works fellow. Apply today. The number of youth locked up with adults overall remains on the decline, but the new data shows how much further we still need to go:.
Parsell, a human rights activist dedicated to ending sexual violence in detention, is the author of " Fish: A Memoir of a Boy in a Man's Prison. In earlyI testified on Capitol Hill with Linda Bruntmyera mother from Texas whose year-old son was incarcerated after setting a trash bin on fire. In prison, he was raped repeatedly.
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On any given day, nearly 53, youth are held in facilities away from home as a result of juvenile or criminal justice involvement. Nearly one in ten is held in an adult jail or prison. This report provides an introductory snapshot of what happens when justice-involved youth are held by the state: where they are held, under what conditions, and for what offenses. It offers a starting point for people new to the issue to consider the ways that the problems of the criminal justice system are mirrored in the juvenile system: racial disparities, punitive conditions, pretrial detention, and overcriminalization.
A report on health impacts of charging youth as adults, with recommendations for increased community investment and restorative justice-oriented solutions. In all 50 states, youth under age 18 can be tried in adult criminal court through various types of juvenile transfer laws. In California, youth as young as 14 can be tried as adults at the discretion of a juvenile court judge.
Some 10, children are housed in adult jails and prisons on any given day in America. Unquestionably, jailing children with adults needlessly puts young people at great risk. Children are five times more likely to be sexually assaulted in adult prisons than in juvenile facilities. Children are up to 36 times more likely to commit suicide after being housed in an adult jail or prison than children incarcerated in juvenile facilities.